andgo sports glossary


Standardized tests used by colleges for admissions purposes. Students must meet minimum requirements for these tests for the NCAA Eligibility Center and to meet individual college requirements.
Admissions Contact
Postcard, letter, email, package, and/or phone call directly from a college admissions department.
Advanced placement classes offered by a high school. College-level classes. Placement of a college freshman in an advanced class based on work completed in high school. Most often colleges and universities use the College Board’s Advanced Placement Tests for advanced placement. Advanced placement may be given with or without credit hours.
Application Waiver
A coach’s waiver of the fee for applying to an institution


Club Teams
Select teams of advanced high school, middle school, or elementary school players. Club teams are by invitation only and represent the top swimmers, volleyball, soccer, and softball players.

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Coach Contact
Questionnaire, camp brochure, letter, email, phone call, or text message directly from a member of the coaching staff .
High-intensity showcases where student-athletes perform a series of grueling tests before coaches, recruiters, and scouts. Combines provide a venue for student athletes to be evaluated individually and in great detail. Attendance is by invitation only, and combines generally consist only of the nation’s top players.
An exchange of information between a coaching staff or admissions department and a prospective student-athlete, Contacts include camp brochures, letters, questionnaires, emails, phone calls, and tape requests.
Contact Period
The period when a coach may have in person contact with a student or his/her parents on or off college campus. The coach may watch the student compete or visit the high school.
Core Courses
High school classes required by the NCAA Initial Eligibility Clearinghouse. These include English, Math, Natural/Physical Science, Social Science, Foreign Language, Religion, or Philosophy. Refer to the NCAA Eligibility Center regulations.
Cost of Attendance (COA)
The total cost of attending a school, the Cost of Attendance (COA) is an important factor in determining a student’s financial aid needs.


Dead Period
Periods of time during which it is not permissible for a coach to make in-person recruiting contacts or evaluating on-or off-campus or permit official or unofficial visits.


Early Action
Nonbinding plan that requires an athlete to submit his or her application in early fall (usually by November 1 or 15). The college lets the student know whether he or she is accepted by early January, but the student has the right to wait until May 1 before responding. This gives a student-athlete time to compare colleges, including financial aid offers, before making a decision.
Early Decision
A binding agreement whereby a student-athlete accepts an offer prior to National Letter of Intent Day. A student can apply Early Decision to only one college.
Equivalency Sports
Programs that fall into this category – all sports other than men’s basketball, women’s basketball, football, women’s gymnastics, women’s tennis, and women’s volleyball – can offer full or partial scholarships.
Expected Family Contribution (EFC)
The Expected Family Contribution (EFC) is the amount a family can be expected to contribute toward a student’s college costs. Financial aid administrators determine need for federal student aid by subtracting the EPC from the student’s cost of attendance (COA). The EFC formula is used to determine the EFC and ultimately determine the need for aid from the following types of federal student financial assistance: Federal Pell Grants, subsidized Stafford Loans and assistance from the “campus based” programs – Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (FSEOG), Federal Perkins Loans, and Federal Work-Study (FWS).
A coach’s review of a student’s athletic or academic ability. A coach typically evaluates a student either at his or her high school or during a showcase, practice, competition, club practice, or camp.
Evaluation Period
The period of time during which a college coach may watch students compete or visit the high school. There is no in-person contact away from the college campus allowed during this time. The coach may call and write during this time.


Free Application for Financial Student Aid (FAFSA)
The Free Application for Financial Student Aid (FAFSA) is a form required by the government for application to any federal education aid program. The FAFSA is used to determine the expected family contribution (EFC) based on family financial information. A FAFSA is used to determine the specific Federal Student Aid programs that can contribute to a student’s total financial aid package and in what proportions.
Federal Perkins Loan Program
Low-interest (5 percent) loans that must be repaid. The maximum annual loan amount is $4,000 for undergraduate students and $6,000 for graduate students.
Federal PLUS Loans
Unsubsidized loans made to parents. If you are independent or your parents cannot get a PLUS loan, you are eligible to borrow additional Stafford Loan funds. The interest rate is variable, but never exceeds 9 percent.
Federal Stafford Loans
Student loans that must be repaid and are available to both undergraduate and graduate students.
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants
Grants available for undergraduates only and awards range from $100-$4,000
Fee Waiver Request Form/Financial Hardship Waiver
Used to request a waiver for the NCAA Eligibility Center fee.
Financial Aid / Scholarship
Money received from a college or another source, such as outside loans or grants. This may be athletic, academic, merit or need-based aid.
FWS / Work Study
Provides jobs to undergraduate and graduate students, allowing them to earn money to pay education expenses.


Game Day Visit
An opportunity for a student to visit a campus to watch a college team play a game.
Game Tape
Footage of actual competition, usually unedited.
GATE (Guaranteed Access to Education)
Guaranteed Access to Education (GATE) is a nonprofit private loan program offered through participating institutions in conjunction with Bank of America, Bank of Boston and the National Collegiate Trust (NCT). There is a minimal credit check and colleges can recommend whatever loan amount they’d like the student to receive. The interest rate is also rather low. Students and parents should call 1-617-639-2000 for more information about the program (in New York, 1-212-551-3650). See also their entry in the lenders area of the Financial Aid Information Page.
Grade-point average. The NCAA Eligibility Center only uses core courses to calculate this number. This should be cumulative over the entire high school academic career.
Gray Shirt
Student is recruited out of high school but delays full-time enrollment.


Head Count Sports
Programs that fall into this category – men’s basketball, women’s basketball, football, women’s gymnastics, women’s tennis, and women’s volleyball – offer full scholarships only.
Highlight Video
Three to five minutes of footage taken from game tape or skills tape.


Name Game
Term used to describe a student-athlete or his/her family choosing college based on the name rather than actual facts
National Collegiate Athletic Association
National Collegiate Athletic Association is the athletics governing body for more than 1,280 colleges, universities, conferences and organizations. Their goal is to govern competition in a fair, safe, inclusive and sportsmanlike manner. The official Web site is:
National Association for Intercollegiate Athletics
The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) is a separate association of colleges who compete in intercollegiate athletics. The NAIA launched the champions of character program in 2000 which is an educational outreach initiative which emphasizes the tenets of character and integrity, not only for NAIA college students, but for younger students, coaches and parents in out communities.
NCAA Eligibility Center
The organization responsible for certifying the academic eligibility for practice, competition, and financial aid of all prospective student-athletes for Division I and Division II.
NCAA Guide for the College-Bound Student-Athlete
An important reference book created by the NCAA for student-athletes interested in competing on college sports. This guide leads the student-athlete through eligibility, amateurism, registration with the NCAA Eligibility Center, financial aid, and recruiting rules. It is available at the NCAA Web site

Keywords: College scholarships, athletic scholarships, college athletes, college sports recruiting, sports recruiting
National Letter of Intent (NLI)
A legal, binding contract in which a student agrees to attend a college for one academic year. In return, a college agrees to provide the student with athletics related financial aid for one year.
Non-Revenue Sports
College sports that do not bring revenue to the school. These sports are often funded, at least in part, by revenue sports such as football or basketball.


Official Visit
Visit to a college campus by a student and/or parent paid for by the college.


Quiet Period
A period of time during which a coach cannot have in-person contact with a student or his/her parents off of the college campus. The coach cannot evaluate a student during this time, but can write or telephone during quiet periods.


Recruiting Contact
Face to face interaction between a coach and a student-athlete or his/her parents away from the college campus, including high school competitions.
Recruit Match
Collegiate coach database that matches qualified student-athletes with college athletic programs. The Recruit Match system houses more than 35,000 registered head coaches, assistant coaches and college administrative at more than 1,700 colleges. Recruit Match delivers student-athlete data through permission-based email. Profiles or student-athletes are distributed based on coaches’ wants and need discovered through phone conversations, surveys and emails with college coaches at every level.
Recruiting Guidelines
Restrictions set by the NCAA and NAIA about when and how a college coach can communicate with a student-athlete.
Recruit List
Athletes the coaches at an institution are actively recruiting. Typically, a student-athlete is not added to this list until the athlete has been evaluated.
Recruiting Materials
Information sent by a member of a coaching staff to a student-athlete. These include camp brochures, questionnaires and letters.
Red Shirt
A student who does not compete in any competition during a full academic year.
Regular Admissions
The process in which a student applies to a college by a midwinter deadline, receives word from the college in early April, and makes a decision and notifies colleges by May 1.
Revenue Sports
College sports that bring revenue to the school. These most often include men’s football and basketball, and women’s basketball, tennis, gymnastics, and volleyball.
Rolling Admissions
The process in which a student applies and receives an admission decision within two to six weeks. Applications are accepted until the incoming freshman class is filled. Most public universities and many private colleges use this timeline.


Standardized subject test required by some of the most selective colleges.
An individual who is certified to evaluate, educate and empower student-athletes on the collegiate recruiting process.
Skills Tape
A fifteen to twenty minute tape of staged footage.
Revenue Sports
College sports that bring revenue to the school. These most often include men’s football and basketball, and women’s basketball, tennis, gymnastics, and volleyball.
Rolling Admissions
The process in which a student applies and receives an admission decision within two to six weeks. Applications are accepted until the incoming freshman class is filled. Most public universities and many private colleges use this timeline.


Title IX
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 specifying that, “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be exalted from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”


Unofficial Visit
Any visit to a college campus paid for by a student and/or parents. The only expense a student may receive is three complementary admissions to a home contest.


Verbal Commitment
A student verbally indicating that he/she plans to attend a college of university and play college sports. A verbal commitment is not binding, although it is a generally accepted form of commitment.
Video Instructions
Specific outlines for video footage to each sport.


A student who does not receive an athletic scholarship, but who is a member of the team.
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